Big Brother Awards
quintessenz search  /  subscribe  /  upload  /  contact  
/q/depesche *
RSS-Feed Depeschen RSS
Hosted by NESSUS
<<   ^   >>
Date: 1999-10-25

UK: Neues Krypto-Gesetz als Gesetzverstoss

-.-. --.- -.-. --.- -.-. --.- -.-. --.- -.-. --.- -.-. --.-

Die Gesetzesvorlage Electronic Communications Bill im UK
verstösst gegen die Paragraphen der europäischen Konvention für
Menschenrechte, das haben zwei führende britische Rechtsexperten
festgestellt. Das Gesetz sieht die zwangsweise Hinterlegung privater
Schlüssel vor.

-.-. --.- -.-. --.- -.-. --.- -.-. --.- -.-. --.- -.-. --.- -.-. --.-
Mon, 25 Oct 1999 09:42:02 +0100


JUSTICE, the legal human rights organisation, and the Foundation for
Information Policy Research today (Monday, 25 October) warn that
those aspects of the Government's draft Electronic Communications
Bill which deal with police powers to unscramble encoded e-mail are
likely to breach human rights standards under the European
Convention on Human Rights.

The Bill-intended to encourage electronic commerce and on-line
delivery of government services-allows the police to serve written
notice to demand either that a communication be decrypted or the
private encryption key be handed over.

According to our Human Rights Audit of the draft Bill, which is based
on an Opinion obtained from two leading lawyers, the Government
has wrongly opted for the widest police powers enabling open-ended
interception of encrypted material. The Opinion says that this "will
have the inevitable consequence of compromising the affected
individual's whole security and privacy apparatus" and thereby likely
contravene Article 8 of the European Convention, on respect for
private life.

In a detailed audit of Part III of the Bill, the Opinion identifies several
other potential human rights breaches:

· The presumption of innocence is reversed: failure to comply with a
decryption notice will be a criminal offence unless the individual
concerned can prove that s/he does not have the key, or does not
have access to it because, for instance, the password has been
forgotten. This contravenes the right to a fair trial guaranteed under
Article 6 of the European Convention.

· The right to remain silent is likely to be breached: The police may
require the addressee of a 'decryption notice' to produce a private key
when it 'appears' that s/he has such a key; failure to produce it will
be a criminal offence. Disclosure of the key may lead to the
discovery of incriminating material. If used at trial, this is likely to
infringe Article 6 of the European Convention, which includes a
privilege against self-incrimination.

· There are inadequate safeguards against abuse: There is no
provision for independent judicial supervision of Part III as a whole, as
required by Article 8 of the European Convention. Instead, the
proposed Complaints Tribunal and Commissioner will only apply to
those cases where the interception warrant has been approved by
the Secretary of State under the 1985 Interception of
Communications Act.

Peter Noorlander, Legal Policy Officer at JUSTICE, said:

"There are other, less intrusive ways of giving police access to
encrypted material when a crime is suspected. To ensure
compliance with human rights standards, the Government must re-
think this part of the Bill."

Caspar Bowden, Director of the Foundation for Information Policy
Research, said:

"The government is attempting to bolt decryption powers for the
internet onto existing interception laws. This legal analysis
demonstrates why this approach is unsound and is incompatible with
basic human rights."

Note to Editors:

1. The Opinion is written by Professor Jack Beatson QC (formerly a
Law Commissioner) and Tim Eicke, barrister, from Essex Court
Chambers. A full copy of the Opinion is available on the internet, at, or from the JUSTICE

2. The draft Electronic Communications Bill is included in a DTI
consultation document, Promoting Electronic Commerce. It is
expected to be introduced in the next parliamentary session.

3. JUSTICE is conducting human rights audits of current legislation.
Completed audits include the Immigration and Asylum Bill, Access
to Justice Bill, Youth Justice and Criminal Evidence Bill, Draft
Freedom of Information Bill and consultation papers on Anti-terrorism
and the Mental Health Review. In 1998, it published a major report on
covert policing, 'Under Surveillance: Covert Policing and Human
Rights Standards'.

4. The Foundation for Information Policy Research is the UK's
leading Internet policy think-tank, an independent non-profit
organisation that studies the interaction between information
technology and society. FIPR monitors technical developments with
significant social impact, commissions research into public policy
alternatives, and promotes public understanding and dialogue
between technologists and policy-makers in the UK and Europe.

For further information, contact Lib Peck, JUSTICE, on +44 (0)171
762 6419, or Nicholas Bohm (FIPR legal officer) on +44 (0)1279

Relayed by "Caspar Bowden"
-.- -.-. --.-
Nennen Sie die schlimmsten Abhörer, Tracker, Spitzelfirmen, Dataminer beim
Namen und reichen Sie den für die Big Brother Awards Austria 1999 ein.
Bis 19.10., Party am 26.10.
-.-. --.- -.-. --.- -.-. --.- -.-. --.- -.-. --.- -.-. --.-

- -.-. --.- -.-. --.- -.-. --.- -.-. --.- -.-. --.- -.-. --.-
edited by Harkank
published on: 1999-10-25
comments to
subscribe Newsletter
- -.-. --.- -.-. --.- -.-. --.- -.-. --.- -.-. --.- -.-. --.-
<<   ^   >>
Druck mich


Eintritt zur Gala
sichern ...

25. Oktober 2023
Big Brother Awards Austria
q/Talk 1.Juli: The Danger of Software Users Don't Control
Dr.h.c. Richard Stallman live in Wien, dem Begründer der GPL und des Free-Software-Movements
bits4free 14.Juli 2011: OpenStreetMap Erfinder Steve Coast live in Wien
Wie OpenStreetMaps die Welt abbildet und was ein erfolgreiches Crowdsourcing Projekt ausmacht.